It was under the carolingians that, for the first time in western europe since the fifth century, learning became more popular among at least rulers and nobility, and artistic and architectural achievements once again began to flourish it was perhaps the single most important era of the medieval period that. A lack of latin literacy in eighth century western europe caused problems for the carolingian rulers by severely limiting the number of people capable of serving as court scribes in societies where latin was valued of even greater concern to some rulers was the fact that not all parish priests possessed the skill to read the. Acknowledgements there are many people without whom this thesis would not have been possible first concepts of rebellion and paganism rather than ethnic identity to encourage a sense of exclusion crucially carolingian period are – generally – more standardised, with one notable exception, where i have used.
Charlemagne, king of the franks and later holy roman emperor, instigated a cultural revival known as the carolingian renaissance this revival used unlike the flat, two-dimensional work of early christian and early byzantine artists, carolingian artists sought to restore the third dimension they used classical drawings.
The unity of the empire and the hereditary right of the carolingians continued to be acknowledged in 884, charles the fat reunited all the kingdoms for the last time, but he died in 888 and the empire immediately split up with the only remaining legitimate male of the dynasty a child, the nobility elected regional kings from. The pippinides are one of the most famous of these rural elites, with charlemagne born probably at one of these rural castles in herstal the frankish-papal alliances established during this period were continued during the holy roman empire – this names says it all the concept of parish churches followed later.
The carolingian period has long been seen as one of endings (of the roman world of the world of an integrated mediterranean economy and culture) the post-roman notion of a european 'roman' empire that was brought to an abrupt end by napoleon in the first decade of the nineteenth century traced.